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Origin and development of packaging industry history
- Oct 10, 2017 -

Packaging is an ancient and modern topic, and it is also the subject that people study and explore from beginning to end. From the primitive society, the Impergium, modern society to science and technology is very advanced, packaging with human evolution and the appearance of commodities, the development of production and the progress of science and technology and the gradual development, and constantly breakthrough again and again. Generally speaking, the packaging has gone through three stages: raw packaging, traditional packaging and modern packaging.

I. original packaging

The history of human use of packaging can be traced back to ancient times. As early as ten thousand years or so of the late primitive society, with the improvement of production technology, production has been developed, and the surplus goods have to be stored and exchanged, so the original packaging began to appear. Initially, people tied the prey with kudzu, plant leaves, shells, skins and other package items, this is the original packaging development of embryos. With labor skills, people for the production of plant fiber and other primitive basket, basket, and stone, clay calcined clay pot, mud bowl and mud filling, used for holding, preservation of food, beverages and other items, which is convenient for transportation, packaging storage and storage function has been initially improved. This is the ancient packaging, that is, the original packaging.

Two, traditional packaging

About 5000 BC, mankind began to enter the bronze age. 4000 years ago, Chinese Xia, Chinese can smelting bronze, bronze smelting technology of the further development of the Shang and Zhou dynasties. The spring and Autumn period, they have cast iron steelmaking technology and paint painting technology, iron containers, the emergence of a large number of painted wooden containers. In ancient Egypt, glass containers were blown up in 3000 bc. Therefore, the use of ceramics, glass, wood, metal processing all kinds of packaging containers has a thousand years of history, many of which have been continuously improved development, has been used until now. As early as the Han Dynasty, in 105 BC, Cai Lun invented papermaking. In 61 ad, Chinese papermaking was spread to Japan by Korea. In thirteenth Century, it was introduced into Europe, and Germany first built a larger paper mill. In the middle of the Eleventh Century, China invented the movable type printing. In fifteenth Century, Europe began to appear in letterpress printing, packaging printing and packaging industry began to develop. In sixteenth Century, the European ceramic industry began to develop; the United States built a glass factory and began producing all kinds of glass containers. So far, the packaging industry began to develop with ceramic, glass, wood and metal as the main materials, and modern traditional packaging began to be over packaged.

Three, modern packaging

Since sixteenth Century, due to the rapid development of industrial production, especially in nineteenth Century, the European industrial revolution, has greatly promoted the development of the packaging industry, so as to modern packaging industry and the packaging technology and laid the foundation. In the late eighteenth Century, French scientists invented sterilization, packaging and storage of food, which led to the emergence of glass food cans and tinned food cans at the beginning of nineteenth Century, which led to the rapid development of food packaging. In nineteenth Century, the packaging industry began a comprehensive development, in 1800 1814 the British wooden mechanism, the first long net paper machine, tin cans in 1818, 1856, the United States invented in Europe in 1860 made of corrugated paper, bag making machine, in 1868 the United States invented the first synthetic plastic bags, celluloid, in 1890 the United States Railway Freight Transport Committee began to recognize the corrugated carton packaging container transport as a formal. In twentieth Century, the development of science and technology change rapidly, new materials and new technologies continue to emerge, polyethylene, aluminum foil, paper, glass, plastics, composites and other packaging materials are widely used, aseptic packaging, packaging, packing, shockproof packaging, insurance combination packaging, composite packaging technology is increasingly mature, from the aspects of strengthening the packaging the function of. In late twentieth Century, the rapid development of international trade, packaging has been emphasized, the countries all over the world, about 90% of the goods subject to different degrees and different types of packaging, packaging has become an indispensable important link in the process of production and circulation of commodities. At present, electronic technology, laser technology, microwave technology are widely used in packaging industry, packaging design to achieve computer-aided design (CAD), packaging production also achieved mechanization and automated production. The development of packaging industry and technology has promoted the formation of packaging research and packaging. The packaging discipline Hangai physics, chemistry, biology, humanities, art and other aspects of knowledge, which belongs to the comprehensive science group, it organically integrates different disciplines, absorb new theories, new materials, new technology and new process, from the point of view of system engineering to solve the storage and transportation of goods, protection and promotion comprehensive sales and other problems in the process of circulation. The classification of packaging discipline more diversity, usually classified as packaging materials, packaging and transportation, packaging technology, packaging design, packaging decoration, packaging management, packaging testing, packaging machinery, etc.. At present, China has more than 40 colleges and universities have started packaging engineering, packaging personnel team growing.

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